Secretary of State Hillary Clinton Speech on LGBT Human Rights


TransGriot Note: Secretary of State Hillary Clinton’s speech on LGBT human rights.

Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton

Remarks in Recognition of International Human Rights Day

December 6, 2011

Palais des Nations

Geneva, Switzerland

SECRETARY CLINTON: Good evening, and let me express my deep honor and
pleasure at being here. I want to thank Director General Tokayev and
Ms. Wyden along with other ministers, ambassadors, excellencies, and UN
partners. This weekend, we will celebrate Human Rights Day, the
anniversary of one of the great accomplishments of the last century.

Beginning in 1947, delegates from six continents devoted themselves to
drafting a declaration that would enshrine the fundamental rights and
freedoms of people everywhere. In the aftermath of World War II, many
nations pressed for a statement of this kind to help ensure that we
would prevent future atrocities and protect the inherent humanity and
dignity of all people. And so the delegates went to work. They
discussed, they wrote, they revisited, revised, rewrote, for thousands
of hours. And they incorporated suggestions and revisions from
governments, organizations, and individuals around the world.

At three o’clock in the morning on December 10th, 1948, after nearly two
years of drafting and one last long night of debate, the president of
the UN General Assembly called for a vote on the final text.
Forty-eight nations voted in favor; eight abstained; none dissented.
And the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted. It proclaims
a simple, powerful idea: All human beings are born free and equal in
dignity and rights. And with the declaration, it was made clear that
rights are not conferred by government; they are the birthright of all
people. It does not matter what country we live in, who our leaders
are, or even who we are. Because we are human, we therefore have
rights. And because we have rights, governments are bound to protect
them.

In the 63 years since the declaration was adopted, many nations have
made great progress in making human rights a human reality. Step by
step, barriers that once prevented people from enjoying the full measure
of liberty, the full experience of dignity, and the full benefits of
humanity have fallen away. In many places, racist laws have been
repealed, legal and social practices that relegated women to
second-class status have been abolished, the ability of religious
minorities to practice their faith freely has been secured.

In most cases, this progress was not easily won. People fought and
organized and campaigned in public squares and private spaces to change
not only laws, but hearts and minds. And thanks to that work of
generations, for millions of individuals whose lives were once narrowed
by injustice, they are now able to live more freely and to participate
more fully in the political, economic, and social lives of their
communities.

Now, there is still, as you all know, much more to be done to secure
that commitment, that reality, and progress for all people. Today, I
want to talk about the work we have left to do to protect one group of
people whose human rights are still denied in too many parts of the
world today. In many ways, they are an invisible minority. They are
arrested, beaten, terrorized, even executed. Many are treated with
contempt and violence by their fellow citizens while authorities
empowered to protect them look the other way or, too often, even join in
the abuse. They are denied opportunities to work and learn, driven
from their homes and countries, and forced to suppress or deny who they
are to protect themselves from harm.

I am talking about gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender people, human
beings born free and given bestowed equality and dignity, who have a
right to claim that, which is now one of the remaining human rights
challenges of our time. I speak about this subject knowing that my own
country’s record on human rights for gay people is far from perfect.
Until 2003, it was still a crime in parts of our country. Many LGBT
Americans have endured violence and harassment in their own lives, and
for some, including many young people, bullying and exclusion are daily
experiences. So we, like all nations, have more work to do to protect
human rights at home.

Now, raising this issue, I know, is sensitive for many people and that
the obstacles standing in the way of protecting the human rights of LGBT
people rest on deeply held personal, political, cultural, and religious
beliefs. So I come here before you with respect, understanding, and
humility. Even though progress on this front is not easy, we cannot
delay acting. So in that spirit, I want to talk about the difficult and
important issues we must address together to reach a global consensus
that recognizes the human rights of LGBT citizens everywhere.

The first issue goes to the heart of the matter. Some have suggested
that gay rights and human rights are separate and distinct; but, in
fact, they are one and the same. Now, of course, 60 years ago, the
governments that drafted and passed the Universal Declaration of Human
Rights were not thinking about how it applied to the LGBT community.
They also weren’t thinking about how it applied to indigenous people or
children or people with disabilities or other marginalized groups. Yet
in the past 60 years, we have come to recognize that members of these
groups are entitled to the full measure of dignity and rights, because,
like all people, they share a common humanity.

This recognition did not occur all at once. It evolved over time. And
as it did, we understood that we were honoring rights that people always
had, rather than creating new or special rights for them. Like being a
woman, like being a racial, religious, tribal, or ethnic minority,
being LGBT does not make you less human. And that is why gay rights are
human rights, and human rights are gay rights.

It is violation of human rights when people are beaten or killed because
of their sexual orientation, or because they do not conform to cultural
norms about how men and women should look or behave. It is a violation
of human rights when governments declare it illegal to be gay, or allow
those who harm gay people to go unpunished. It is a violation of human
rights when lesbian or transgendered women are subjected to so-called
corrective rape, or forcibly subjected to hormone treatments, or when
people are murdered after public calls for violence toward gays, or when
they are forced to flee their nations and seek asylum in other lands to
save their lives. And it is a violation of human rights when
life-saving care is withheld from people because they are gay, or equal
access to justice is denied to people because they are gay, or public
spaces are out of bounds to people because they are gay. No matter what
we look like, where we come from, or who we are, we are all equally
entitled to our human rights and dignity.

The second issue is a question of whether homosexuality arises from a
particular part of the world. Some seem to believe it is a Western
phenomenon, and therefore people outside the West have grounds to reject
it. Well, in reality, gay people are born into and belong to every
society in the world. They are all ages, all races, all faiths; they
are doctors and teachers, farmers and bankers, soldiers and athletes;
and whether we know it, or whether we acknowledge it, they are our
family, our friends, and our neighbors.

Being gay is not a Western invention; it is a human reality. And
protecting the human rights of all people, gay or straight, is not
something that only Western governments do. South Africa’s
constitution, written in the aftermath of Apartheid, protects the
equality of all citizens, including gay people. In Colombia and
Argentina, the rights of gays are also legally protected. In Nepal, the
supreme court has ruled that equal rights apply to LGBT citizens. The
Government of Mongolia has committed to pursue new legislation that will
tackle anti-gay discrimination.

Now, some worry that protecting the human rights of the LGBT community
is a luxury that only wealthy nations can afford. But in fact, in all
countries, there are costs to not protecting these rights, in both gay
and straight lives lost to disease and violence, and the silencing of
voices and views that would strengthen communities, in ideas never
pursued by entrepreneurs who happen to be gay. Costs are incurred
whenever any group is treated as lesser or the other, whether they are
women, racial, or religious minorities, or the LGBT. Former President
Mogae of Botswana pointed out recently that for as long as LGBT people
are kept in the shadows, there cannot be an effective public health
program to tackle HIV and AIDS. Well, that holds true for other
challenges as well.

The third, and perhaps most challenging, issue arises when people cite
religious or cultural values as a reason to violate or not to protect
the human rights of LGBT citizens. This is not unlike the justification
offered for violent practices towards women like honor killings, widow
burning, or female genital mutilation. Some people still defend those
practices as part of a cultural tradition. But violence toward women
isn’t cultural; it’s criminal. Likewise with slavery, what was once
justified as sanctioned by God is now properly reviled as an
unconscionable violation of human rights.

In each of these cases, we came to learn that no practice or tradition
trumps the human rights that belong to all of us. And this holds true
for inflicting violence on LGBT people, criminalizing their status or
behavior, expelling them from their families and communities, or tacitly
or explicitly accepting their killing.

Of course, it bears noting that rarely are cultural and religious
traditions and teachings actually in conflict with the protection of
human rights. Indeed, our religion and our culture are sources of
compassion and inspiration toward our fellow human beings. It was not
only those who’ve justified slavery who leaned on religion, it was also
those who sought to abolish it. And let us keep in mind that our
commitments to protect the freedom of religion and to defend the dignity
of LGBT people emanate from a common source. For many of us, religious
belief and practice is a vital source of meaning and identity, and
fundamental to who we are as people. And likewise, for most of us, the
bonds of love and family that we forge are also vital sources of meaning
and identity. And caring for others is an expression of what it means
to be fully human. It is because the human experience is universal that
human rights are universal and cut across all religions and cultures.

The fourth issue is what history teaches us about how we make progress
towards rights for all. Progress starts with honest discussion. Now,
there are some who say and believe that all gay people are pedophiles,
that homosexuality is a disease that can be caught or cured, or that
gays recruit others to become gay. Well, these notions are simply not
true. They are also unlikely to disappear if those who promote or
accept them are dismissed out of hand rather than invited to share their
fears and concerns. No one has ever abandoned a belief because he was
forced to do so.

Universal human rights include freedom of expression and freedom of
belief, even if our words or beliefs denigrate the humanity of others.
Yet, while we are each free to believe whatever we choose, we cannot do
whatever we choose, not in a world where we protect the human rights of
all.

Reaching understanding of these issues takes more than speech. It does
take a conversation. In fact, it takes a constellation of conversations
in places big and small. And it takes a willingness to see stark
differences in belief as a reason to begin the conversation, not to
avoid it.

But progress comes from changes in laws. In many places, including my
own country, legal protections have preceded, not followed, broader
recognition of rights. Laws have a teaching effect. Laws that
discriminate validate other kinds of discrimination. Laws that require
equal protections reinforce the moral imperative of equality. And
practically speaking, it is often the case that laws must change before
fears about change dissipate.

Many in my country thought that President Truman was making a grave
error when he ordered the racial desegregation of our military. They
argued that it would undermine unit cohesion. And it wasn’t until he
went ahead and did it that we saw how it strengthened our social fabric
in ways even the supporters of the policy could not foresee. Likewise,
some worried in my country that the repeal of “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell”
would have a negative effect on our armed forces. Now, the Marine Corps
Commandant, who was one of the strongest voices against the repeal,
says that his concerns were unfounded and that the Marines have embraced
the change.

Finally, progress comes from being willing to walk a mile in someone
else’s shoes. We need to ask ourselves, “How would it feel if it were a
crime to love the person I love? How would it feel to be discriminated
against for something about myself that I cannot change?” This
challenge applies to all of us as we reflect upon deeply held beliefs,
as we work to embrace tolerance and respect for the dignity of all
persons, and as we engage humbly with those with whom we disagree in the
hope of creating greater understanding.

A fifth and final question is how we do our part to bring the world to
embrace human rights for all people including LGBT people. Yes, LGBT
people must help lead this effort, as so many of you are. Their
knowledge and experiences are invaluable and their courage
inspirational. We know the names of brave LGBT activists who have
literally given their lives for this cause, and there are many more
whose names we will never know. But often those who are denied rights
are least empowered to bring about the changes they seek. Acting alone,
minorities can never achieve the majorities necessary for political
change.

So when any part of humanity is sidelined, the rest of us cannot sit on
the sidelines. Every time a barrier to progress has fallen, it has
taken a cooperative effort from those on both sides of the barrier. In
the fight for women’s rights, the support of men remains crucial. The
fight for racial equality has relied on contributions from people of all
races. Combating Islamaphobia or anti-Semitism is a task for people of
all faiths. And the same is true with this struggle for equality.

Conversely, when we see denials and abuses of human rights and fail to
act, that sends the message to those deniers and abusers that they won’t
suffer any consequences for their actions, and so they carry on. But
when we do act, we send a powerful moral message. Right here in Geneva,
the international community acted this year to strengthen a global
consensus around the human rights of LGBT people. At the Human Rights
Council in March, 85 countries from all regions supported a statement
calling for an end to criminalization and violence against people
because of their sexual orientation and gender identity.

At the following session of the Council in June, South Africa took the
lead on a resolution about violence against LGBT people. The delegation
from South Africa spoke eloquently about their own experience and
struggle for human equality and its indivisibility. When the measure
passed, it became the first-ever UN resolution recognizing the human
rights of gay people worldwide. In the Organization of American States
this year, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights created a unit
on the rights of LGBT people, a step toward what we hope will be the
creation of a special rapporteur.

Now, we must go further and work here and in every region of the world
to galvanize more support for the human rights of the LGBT community.
To the leaders of those countries where people are jailed, beaten, or
executed for being gay, I ask you to consider this: Leadership, by
definition, means being out in front of your people when it is called
for. It means standing up for the dignity of all your citizens and
persuading your people to do the same. It also means ensuring that all
citizens are treated as equals under your laws, because let me be clear –
I am not saying that gay people can’t or don’t commit crimes. They can
and they do, just like straight people. And when they do, they should
be held accountable, but it should never be a crime to be gay.

And to people of all nations, I say supporting human rights is your
responsibility too. The lives of gay people are shaped not only by
laws, but by the treatment they receive every day from their families,
from their neighbors. Eleanor Roosevelt, who did so much to advance
human rights worldwide, said that these rights begin in the small places
close to home – the streets where people live, the schools they attend,
the factories, farms, and offices where they work. These places are
your domain. The actions you take, the ideals that you advocate, can
determine whether human rights flourish where you are.

And finally, to LGBT men and women worldwide, let me say this: Wherever
you live and whatever the circumstances of your life, whether you are
connected to a network of support or feel isolated and vulnerable,
please know that you are not alone. People around the globe are working
hard to support you and to bring an end to the injustices and dangers
you face. That is certainly true for my country. And you have an ally
in the United States of America and you have millions of friends among
the American people.

The Obama Administration defends the human rights of LGBT people as part
of our comprehensive human rights policy and as a priority of our
foreign policy. In our embassies, our diplomats are raising concerns
about specific cases and laws, and working with a range of partners to
strengthen human rights protections for all. In Washington, we have
created a task force at the State Department to support and coordinate
this work. And in the coming months, we will provide every embassy with
a toolkit to help improve their efforts. And we have created a program
that offers emergency support to defenders of human rights for LGBT
people.

This morning, back in Washington, President Obama put into place the
first U.S. Government strategy dedicated to combating human rights
abuses against LGBT persons abroad. Building on efforts already
underway at the State Department and across the government, the
President has directed all U.S. Government agencies engaged overseas to
combat the criminalization of LGBT status and conduct, to enhance
efforts to protect vulnerable LGBT refugees and asylum seekers, to
ensure that our foreign assistance promotes the protection of LGBT
rights, to enlist international organizations in the fight against
discrimination, and to respond swiftly to abuses against LGBT persons.

I am also pleased to announce that we are launching a new Global
Equality Fund that will support the work of civil society organizations
working on these issues around the world. This fund will help them
record facts so they can target their advocacy, learn how to use the law
as a tool, manage their budgets, train their staffs, and forge
partnerships with women’s organizations and other human rights groups.
We have committed more than $3 million to start this fund, and we have
hope that others will join us in supporting it.

The women and men who advocate for human rights for the LGBT community
in hostile places, some of whom are here today with us, are brave and
dedicated, and deserve all the help we can give them. We know the road
ahead will not be easy. A great deal of work lies before us. But many
of us have seen firsthand how quickly change can come. In our
lifetimes, attitudes toward gay people in many places have been
transformed. Many people, including myself, have experienced a
deepening of our own convictions on this topic over the years, as we
have devoted more thought to it, engaged in dialogues and debates, and
established personal and professional relationships with people who are
gay.

This evolution is evident in many places. To highlight one example, the
Delhi High Court decriminalized homosexuality in India two years ago,
writing, and I quote, “If there is one tenet that can be said to be an
underlying theme of the Indian constitution, it is inclusiveness.”
There is little doubt in my mind that support for LGBT human rights will
continue to climb. Because for many young people, this is simple: All
people deserve to be treated with dignity and have their human rights
respected, no matter who they are or whom they love.

There is a phrase that people in the United States invoke when urging
others to support human rights: “Be on the right side of history.” The
story of the United States is the story of a nation that has repeatedly
grappled with intolerance and inequality. We fought a brutal civil war
over slavery. People from coast to coast joined in campaigns to
recognize the rights of women, indigenous peoples, racial minorities,
children, people with disabilities, immigrants, workers, and on and on.
And the march toward equality and justice has continued. Those who
advocate for expanding the circle of human rights were and are on the
right side of history, and history honors them. Those who tried to
constrict human rights were wrong, and history reflects that as well.

I know that the thoughts I’ve shared today involve questions on which
opinions are still evolving. As it has happened so many times before,
opinion will converge once again with the truth, the immutable truth,
that all persons are created free and equal in dignity and rights. We
are called once more to make real the words of the Universal
Declaration. Let us answer that call. Let us be on the right side of
history, for our people, our nations, and future generations, whose
lives will be shaped by the work we do today. I come before you with
great hope and confidence that no matter how long the road ahead, we
will travel it successfully together. Thank you very much. (Applause.)

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